EDELMAN, GERALD MAURICE

EDELMAN, GERALD MAURICE (1929– ), U.S. biochemist and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate. Edelman was born in New York. He originally studied as a violinist but turned to biochemistry and received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1954 and his doctorate from the Rockefeller University in 1960, where he was appointed associate professor of biochemistry, and associate dean of graduate studies in 1963. One of the leading immunologists in the United States, he devoted himself to research in the elucidation of the structure of antibody molecules and established the complete chemical structure of gamma globulin, which defends the body against foreign bodies and disease. In 1977 Edelman and his colleagues discovered cell adhesion molecules. Subsequently he turned his attention to neuroscience, becoming director of the Neurosciences Institute in San Diego, California. He has proposed a global brain theory called Neural Darwinism, which provides the basis for understanding the origin of consciousness. Edelman is a member of numerous scientific bodies, including the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the American Chemical Society. In 1972 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology together with Dr. Rodney Porter.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Edelman,Gerald Maurice — Ed·el·man (ĕdʹl mən), Gerald Maurice. Born 1929. American biochemist. He shared a 1972 Nobel Prize for research on the chemical structure and nature of antibodies. * * * …   Universalium

  • Edelman , Gerald Maurice — (1929–) American biochemist Born in New York City, Edelman was educated at Ursinus College, the University of Pennsylvania, and Rockefeller University, where he obtained his PhD on human immunoglobulins in 1960. He remained at Rockefeller where… …   Scientists

  • Edelman, Gerald Maurice — born July 1, 1929, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. biochemist. He received an M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania and a Ph.D. from Rockefeller University. His work with Rodney Porter (b. 1917 d. 1985) on antibodies won a 1972 Nobel Prize. By… …   Universalium

  • Edelman, Gerald Maurice — (n. 1 jul. 1929, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Bioquímico estadounidense. Obtuvo su M.D. en la Universidad de Pensilvania y el Ph.D. en la Universidad Rockefeller. Su trabajo con Rodney Porter (n. 1917–m. 1985) sobre los anticuerpos ganó el Premio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edelman, Gerald Maurice — (b. 1929)    Nobel laureate, 1972. Dr Edelman of Rockefeller University in his native New York shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology, for research on the nature of antibodies, that was of great importance in the diagnosis and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Edelman, Gerald Maurice — (b. 1929)    American scientist. Born in New York, he taught at Rockefeller University. He shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology for research on the nature of antibodies …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Gerald Maurice Edelman — (* 1. Juli 1929 in New York, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Mediziner. 1972 erhielt er gemeinsam mit Rodney R. Porter den Nobelpreis für Physiologie oder Medizin für seine Entdeckungen im Bereich der chemischen Struktur von Antikörpern. Neben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gerald Maurice Edelman — Gerald Edelman Gerald Maurice Edelman, né le 1er juillet 1929, à New York, est directeur de l Institut de neurosciences à La Jolla, en Californie. Il a reçu le Prix Nobel de médecine en 1972 (avec Rodney Porter) pour ses recherches sur les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1972: Gerald Maurice Edelman — Rodney Robert Porter —   Die beiden Wissenschaftler erhielten den Nobelpreis für Medizin oder Physiologie »für ihre die chemische Struktur der Antikörper betreffenden« Entdeckungen.    Biografien   Gerald Maurice Edelman, * New York 1. 7. 1929; besuchte die Medical… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Edelman — Gerald Maurice …   Scientists

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